Journal Name: b>Prometheus,Volume 10, Number 1, June 1992
CIS: A New Frontier for MIS
by Ko de Ruyter and Richard Widdows
The era of customer service is seeing the development of a new branch of management information systems - consumer information systems (CIS). The CIS is fast becoming the source of intelligence on call consumer issues in customer-oriented firms. The authors outline the main characteristics of CIS, and relate them to the development of the consumer affairs role in business. Technological aspects of the CIS are also discussed.
Consumer, customer, information, systems, technology
The Public Perception of Risk
by Rosaleen Love
There is growing debate about the release of genetically modified organisms to the Australian environment, and current about the lack of a national approach to biotechnology regulation. The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology set up an inquiry into genetically modified organisms in October 1990, and called for public submissions. The submissions are a valuable resource for research into the public perception of risk with respect to a new technology which has developed very rapidly, an in advance of an adequate regulatory framework.
Genetic engineering, environment, science policy, public perception of risk
Appraising Investments in New Telecom Technologies: The Case of Swedish Telecom
by Erik Bohlin
Investment management and investment appraisals of new technologies in Swedish Telecomís network have been investigated in an exploratory manner. Investments in new telecom technologies are difficult to appraise because of, among other things, systems interdependence, technical change and competition. It is argued that investment appraisals need to be more closely integrated with strategy and that it is essential for management to carefully match investment management with different types of investments in order to alleviate measurement problems and to provide the right organizational incentives for investments in new technologies.
Investment appraisal, new technology, telecommunication technology, managerial incentives, capital investment strategy, Swedish Telecom
New Wine into Old Bottles: Techological Change and Intellectual Property Rights
by Sam Richetson
Technological progress involves conflicting consequences for the owners of intellectual property rights. On the one hand, the scope of these rights is enhanced and new subject matter is protected. On the other hand, the effective exercise of right is often hampered and sometimes completely undermined. It is therefore timely to take stock of the effect of technological change on the traditional formulation of intellectual property rights. In particular, the following issues need to be considered: (I) the goals of intellectual property protection, (ii) the present scope an duration of protection, (iii) the present challenges, 9iv) the legal constraints on change at the national and international levels, and (v) strategies for the future, including the reformulation of existing regimes and the adoption of sui generis schemes.
Copyright, intellectual property rights, patents, technological change
Scientific Fraud and the Power Structure of Science
by Brian Martin
In the routine practice of scientific research, there are many types of misrepresentation and bias which could be considered dubious. However, only a few narrowly defined behaviours are singled out and castigated as scientific fraud. A narrow definition of scientific fraud is convenient to the groups in society - scientific elites, and powerful government and corporate interests - that have the dominant influence on priorities in science. Several prominent Australian cases illustrate how the denunciation of fraud helps to paint the rest of scientific behaviour as blameless.
Scientific fraud, bias, misrepresentation
Financing Innovation: An Evaluation of the MIC Progra
by Neal Ryan
The MIC Program was the first systematic attempt of the Commonwealth Government to intervene in the supply of venture capital to emerging technology-based industry. The program has now been terminated, and this paper evaluates its political, commercial industrial development successes and failures. This evaluation has implications for the implementation of government programs assisting in the development of new technology industries.
Government programs, industrial development, management and investment companies, technology-based industry, venture capital
The Technology of Open-Range Cattle Farming in Early Australia
by John Perkins and Jack Thompson
The technology of open-range cattle-farming in early European Australia was notable for a simplicity that bordered on the primitive. It was far less sophisticated than contemporary farming in the British Isles. Some of the techniques used were identical with and may have been borrowed from New Spain. Others, in particular the use of the stockwhip and the development of an effective cattle dog were Australian innovations.
Cattle dogs, horsemen, open-range cattle-farming, stockwhip, stockyards
(This journal is available online: http://www.tandf.co.uk/online.html)
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